- Polygon 2.0
- Polygon 2.0 Governance
- Governance Framework 2.0
- I. Protocol Governance
- II. System Smart Contracts Governance
- III. Community Treasury Governance
- Governance Proposals
- Governance Process and Mechanisms
- Contribution Pathways
Polygon is one of the largest players in the web3 ecosystem. Known initially as Matic, Polygon built the Matic Network and later expanded to scaling and infrastructure solutions.
Polygon's governance system is centralized but is building a gradual roadmap into decentralization in line with the upgrade to Polygon 2.0.
Polygon 2.0 is a series of proposed upgrades to modify Polygon's design, unifying all protocols with ZK technology into continuous, unbounded blockspace. With Polygon 2.0, the POS chain will convert into Validium, where the consensus layer settles into Ethereum, and the data layer settles elsewhere. This new phase will unify liquidity and include new tokenomics and a change in governance.
Since January 2023 Polygon has continued to develop its governance design with two entities:
- Polygon Foundation The founders of Polygon created the foundation to support the platform, focusing on research, development, and education.
- Polygon Labs Polygon remains the name of the protocol, while Polygon Labs is a company that participates in the development and growth of Polygon.
Implementation of the next phase is expected by the end of the year.
Polygon 2.0 Governance
Governance Framework 2.0
Polygon's new governance, facilitating community ownership, will take form over the coming months.
Polygon's new token is expected to support many utilities in the multi-chain era. MATIC will upgrade into the POL token and have further functions. As of October 25, 2023, the POL token upgrade is live on Ethereum Mainnet. According to the Protocol, POL holders can validate multiple chains and perform multiple on-chain roles, opening many pathways to contribution.
Polygon's governance design will be developed with three key pillars in mind:
I. Protocol Governance
This pillar facilitates decentralized maintenance and development of the Polygon tech stack. Protocol Governance follows the Polygon Improvement Proposal (PIP) framework and provides an open platform for proposing protocol upgrades. The framework, already operational on the PoS chain, will expand to cover the entire permissionless stack, allowing the community to participate in research and propose upgrades.
II. System Smart Contracts Governance
Upgrading protocol components implemented as smart contracts requires an additional governance layer.
The Polygon team has proposed the establishment of the Ecosystem Council - a 12-member governance body responsible for upgrading system smart contracts. This council will consist of members from diverse backgrounds, ensuring balanced discussions and efficient decision-making.
To promote transparency and accountability, the team is also working on launching a transparency dashboard that will provide a record of every on-chain action taken by the Ecosystem Council.
III. Community Treasury Governance
This pillar aims to create a self-sustaining Community Treasury to provide financial support for the development of the ecosystem and funding public goods. The Treasury will provide funding for programs that support ecosystem projects. A Community Treasury Board will oversee the support provided to the ecosystem and fund various projects that drive growth. Initially, the Ecosystem Council will manage the on-chain fund distribution, with a long-term goal of transitioning to community-led decision-making and innovative governance models.
A Polygon Improvement Proposal (PIP) proves information to the Polygon community, or describes a new feature for Polygon or its processes or environment.
PIPs can be proposed by anyone on four types.
- Core: Improvements or relevant changes to the core components of the network, such as Heimdall and Bor.
- Contracts: Improvements on core L1 contracts that are deployed on Ethereum.
- Interface: Improvements around client API/RPC specifications and standards, and also certain language-level standards. An interface PIP doesn’t require on-chain consensus.
- Informational: Recommendations or thoughts on an issue presented to the community.
Governance Process and Mechanisms
Polygon PIPs will undergo the following process:
It is not yet clear how the governance process will apply for each of the governance framework’s pillars. However, with $POL and its new tokenomics, more decision-making power is expected to be delegated to token holders in the ecosystem.
Polygon Village contributed to and initiated Polygon DAO's decision-making and community and ecosystem growth (grants, etc). With the ongoing development of Polygon 2.0, how incentives will work is still being determined.
However, new ways to contribute will stem from Polygon 2.0.:
- Validators can validate multiple chains, i.e., as many chains as they want. Every chain can offer various roles (and corresponding rewards) to validators.
- Local data availability provider.
- Provers can stake POL tokens.
- Community is going to be the token ownership and governance.
Community members can participate in nominations for the Community Treasury Board, contribute to Polygon's Wiki, provide feedback on the proposed voting escrow system, and discuss in the Governance Forum.